Who Are the Two Witnesses of Revelation?

14 Mar

I have heard all sorts of stories about the two witnesses of Revelation 11. They have been interpreted symbolically and pointing to men that other men were impressed with, especially when folks thought the end was near. When we think the end of the age is upon us, we tend to dream up all sorts of scenarios to make sense of the prophecies we have read in the Bible, and Hollywood has made a great deal of money fleshing out what we have told them. Isn’t that strange? What is the truth concerning the two witnesses? Let’s begin with Zechariah…

Zechariah 4:2-3 KJV  And said unto me, What seest thou? And I said, I have looked, and behold a candlestick all of gold, with a bowl upon the top of it, and his seven lamps thereon, and seven pipes to the seven lamps, which are upon the top thereof:  (3)  And two olive trees by it, one upon the right side of the bowl, and the other upon the left side thereof.

Zechariah 4:11-14 KJV  Then answered I, and said unto him, What are these two olive trees upon the right side of the candlestick and upon the left side thereof?  (12)  And I answered again, and said unto him, What be these two olive branches which through the two golden pipes empty the golden oil out of themselves?  (13)  And he answered me and said, Knowest thou not what these be? And I said, No, my lord.  (14)  Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth.

According to Revelation 11:3-4 the Two Witnesses are the Two Olive Trees and the Two Candlesticks standing before the Lord of the earth. Notice that the Two Olive trees empty the golden oil out of themselves into the two golden pipes. These Olive Trees are inside the Temple of God in both passages. They presumably empty the oil into the bowl atop to the golden lampstand, having seven lamps and seven pipes to the lamps. Notice Revelation 1:12-13, 20

Revelation 1:12-13, 20 KJV  And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks;  (13)  And in the midst of the seven candlesticks one like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle.  (20)  The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.

If the things mentioned in Zechariah and Revelation refer to the same thing, then everything occurs within the Temple of God. The candlestick or lampstand with the seven lamps refers to the seven churches of God, which collectively represent the one, united Church of God. Going on in the picture, the churches receive oil to light up and burn from the Two Olive Trees which are the two Anointed Ones. By comparing this with John 1:4 we shall see: “In him was life and life was the light of men.” In Revelation 2, 11 and Zechariah 4, the lampstand is before Christ, the Lord of the earth.

Where does the Church of God receive its light, if not from Christ? The candlestick within the Temple of God represents the Church, and the Lord of the earth is Christ. The candlestick stands before the Lord of the earth within the Temple, and before Christ in Revelation chapter one, where the setting is also the Temple of God. Notice what Christ tells John to write in Revelation 1:19

  • “Write the things you have seen…” What John saw is recorded in Revelation 1:4-18.
  • “…the things which are…” Literally, this should read: “what they are.” That is, what they represent – what the vision of Christ among the churches represents. This is recorded in Revelation chapters two and three.
  • “…and the things which shall be hereafter.” Normally, it is thought that this refers to future events. This is not the case here, however. The words shall be are not in the Greek. The verse literally reads: “…and the things after these things.” The Greek phrase translated after these things can have reference to the future or to place, as it does in Hebrews 9:2-3. There, speaking of the lampstand, it, the table and the showbread are found in the Sanctuary or the Holy Place within the Temple; but in Hebrews 9:3, after (these things) or beyond the second veil of the Tabernacle is called the Holiest of All or the Most Holy Place. The point is that the entirety of John’ vision took place within the Temple of God. Chapter four of Revelation begins with the same Greek phrase meaning after these things, i.e. the church represented by the candlestick in the Holy Place, spoken of at length in chapters 2 and 3; the scene now goes beyond the Holy Place into the Most Holy Place and the very throne of God.

Another matter to be considered is that these Two Witnesses have the power to shut heaven during the days of their prophecy so no rain falls, and to kill their enemies with fire; they also have power to turn water into blood and to smite the earth with all sorts of plagues as often as they wish. These miracles embody the power of the ministries of two Old Testament figures: Elijah and Moses respectively. Together they represent the Law and the Prophets or the Old Testament itself. In Matthew 5:17 Christ claims he has come to fulfill the Prophets and the Law. In Matthew 17:3 Jesus, transfigured before his disciples, Moses and Elijah appeared with him; representing, I believe, that Jesus not only had the power they had in their respective ministries, but he is the embodiment of all they represented and prophesied. They were the flesh, and he is the Spirit. They were the shadow, and he is the Reality (Colossians 2:16-17).

Jesus is the Two Witnesses!

I’ll finish connecting the dots in the next post or two, but in essence this is what they are going to say. May God open our minds and show us who we should be fixing our eyes upon and keep us from being overly impressed with men and what men tell us.


Posted by on March 14, 2011 in Revelation, Two Witnesses


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8 responses to “Who Are the Two Witnesses of Revelation?

  1. Jennifer

    November 8, 2017 at 06:52

    Thank you.

    • Eddie

      November 8, 2017 at 09:25

      Greetings Jennifer, thank you for reading and for your kind encouragement.

  2. len ostopowicz

    February 10, 2014 at 00:44

    Dear sir;

    I need to preface what I am about to tell you with some observations you may or may not consider valid.
    1. God himself tells us that he creates both the good and the evil (old testament)
    2, Pope Francis has recently stated that the god of this world is money
    3. If you remember the angel in zech saying these two have calmed my spirit in the north country
    then you may realize this is a bad thing.(Godly spirit muted).

    Please check the following dates I provide and you may begin to understand what God is conveying

    Chapter 11 and 13 span the seven year period of the Iraq war.

    The beast from the bottomless pit kills the two witnesses after their 1260 day testimony. That date is november 16, 2005……on that date the senate for the first time stood up to pres Bush and told him to end the war and begin reconstruction.//////// Now if we go to ch 13 Rev and count 1260 days from the previous date we come April 20, 2009. On that date, 250 corporations met with finally- established bank of Iraq to divide up the economy (riches)(buy, sell, trade).Remember, the second beast (from the sea) had all the powers of the first beast (from the bottomless pit).

    All I can say in closing is that I can understand how difficult it is for you to put aside all that you have acquired through diligent study and consider this seriously

    thank you for your attention

    • Eddie

      February 10, 2014 at 07:39

      Hello Len. Thank you for reading and for your comment.

      I have trouble following the logic of your comment, however. You don’t explain how all you say fits together. For example, in point #1, what do you mean by God creates good and evil and how does this apply to the rest of you commentary? The Scripture in question is:

      I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things. (Isaiah 45:7 KJV)

      The context of the Scripture is that God creates both peace and war (in the sense of a means to bring judgment). As for point #2 and Pope Francis’ implication that the god of this world is money, how does this apply to your overall commentary? One might ask, especially, how does it tie in to points #1 and #3?

      Concerning point #3, I’ll quote the Scripture in question:

      Then cried he upon me, and spake unto me, saying, Behold, these that go toward the north country have quieted my spirit in the north country. (Zechariah 6:8 KJV)

      How is God’s Spirit quieted if it is muted? The sense in Zachariah is that God has brought judgment and His Spirit is satisfied. Yet, even if we use your interpretation, how does what you say afterward give meaning to God’s Spirit being ‘muted’?

      Everyone who tries to fit these 7 years into an end time scenario do so arbitrarily. What clued you into to beginning these days on that particular date in history? It has no Biblical support, so what helped you to understand that that November 16, 2005 had great significance? Probably nothing! Why would the establishing of a banking system in Iraq be of such monumental importance that it is looked forward to in the Bible for over 2500 years? You don’t say, and neither does the news media today. Therefore, there is no reason why I should leave off my interpretation of these days, which have tremendous Biblical support in order to embrace your very subjective and arbitrary interpretation.

  3. Unknown

    February 5, 2013 at 21:28

    Dear Sir or Ma’am,
    Reply to your information of the “Two Witnesses”. Enclosed is my testimony. please read.
    Please read my testimony with patience. Over 15 years in Christian ministries that is built on word of God. In 2009, true Spirit of God came upon me and revealed that I was not saved, neither filled with his Spirit, nor worshiping Creator, and had numerous demons and one devil in my body. As true believer how could this have happen to me? True spirit of God revealed hidden truths about Churches around the world…

    …The disciples and Apostle Paul preached the same gospel nothing added or taken away. Please read, Luke 24:44, Acts 2:31-33, 4:10,33, 10:39-41,42-43, 13:27-30,37-39, 14:22, 15:11, 17:31-32, 26:8,22-23 please turn from the ways of these churches and their teachings. Seek God for the truth (holy Spirit of truth). Be connected to God and the kingdom not the ways of the world. Come out of these churches- they look in the natural beautiful and in great order, but in the spirit realm they are dead mens bones! I am a witness by the power and anointing of the holy Spirit of truth! I see this every night in the spirit realm and warn many christians to get out and seek God for the spiritual truth. These believers are dying in their sins from false teaching of another gospel under the control of the god of this world!
    Revelation 18:4-5,22-24!


    • Eddie

      February 6, 2013 at 00:45

      Greetings, I have to admit that I didn’t read your entire post. It is nine pages in my word document, but I read enough to understand that you have had spiritual problems and they were corrected. I praise God for the good he has done in your life. I also know by skimming through your long comment/testimony that you fault today’s churches who claim to be Christian. I understand your concern over false doctrine. It is something everyone who has eyes to see must deal with.

      The problem with your idea of what must be done is that Jesus said He would build His church and the gates of hell would not prevail against it. According to your analysis, nothing can be done, therefore we must come out, and you quote Revelation. I love the word of God and this includes Revelation, but the problem we have here is that we have a very clear statement made by Jesus in the Gospel accounts, and the book of Revelation describes Mystery Babylon the Great. a whore (but who is she), and you claim to know her identity and we must come out of her–all the organized churches claiming to be Christian. I’m afraid your testimony doesn’t prove your case. Jesus is very clear in Matthew. The statement in Revelation is not. It requires much study and interpretation.

      I applaud your concern for God’s people, but I believe you need to become more acquainted with God’s love both for you and all His people. All of us are imperfect, and none of us truly know all the truth. Paul even tells us we know only in part. The problem with partial knowledge is that, having it, people tend to judge those who understand a different part than they do. The point is that God’s love trumps mistakes we make in trying to follow him–only deliberate deception is judged as evil. I am sure you believe in the love of God for you, but I challenge you to read Romans 8:31-39 by placing the words ‘me’ and/or ‘us’ strategically in the text to make it more personal. Notice what I have done in paraphrase (not changing God’s word):

      If God is for me/us, no one can stand against me/us. Our Father didn’t spare His own Son, but delivered Him up because He loves me/us and wants to freely give me/us every good thing I/we need. If God justifies me/us, who is powerful enough to lay any charge against me/us? Who would judge me/us or condemn me/us—would Jesus who gave His life for me/us and rose to give me/us new life with Him and intercedes for me/us—yes< Jesus intercedes with my/your prayer for you/me—is any power stronger that Jesus’ power? Doesn’t He sit at the right hand of the Father? What power is greater than that? Who is able to separate me/us from His love—could trouble or distress? …persecution or not having life’s necessities? … could danger or even death separate me/us from Him? No—none of these things are able to separate me/us from God’s love for me/us, not death, or life’s troubles, not angels or any power or authority in heaven or on earth—nothing present nor nothing that could come later could keep me/us from being loved by God or remove me/us out of His strong hand. HE—GOD is for me/us and no power, spiritual or otherwise is able to stand against me/us.

      Dwell on these things; let your thoughts become engrossed in our Lord and Savior, Jesus, and His love for you. Therein is your power to stand against your fear.

      May our Savior and Lord, Jesus, our King, give you peace and guide your thoughts to dwell in the love of God for you and for all. May you be richly blessed in all your efforts to think upon Him and His love for you.

    • Ed Bromfield

      March 23, 2011 at 13:35

      Greetings, thank you for stopping by to read my blog, and especially for taking the time to comment.

      Scripture records that the second beast “deceived the inhabitants of the earth”. So broadly speaking everyone will one day be deceived except those who are in Christ Jesus.

      Another view might be: “and saw a beast rise up out of the sea” – the sea represents the gentiles and therefore kingdoms arising from the sea would be gentile nations (Daniel 7:2-3). However, “I beheld another beast coming up out of the earth…” – the earth would represent the Jews in contrast to the sea being the gentiles.

      It is God’s good plan to redeem Israel (Ro 9-11). Therefore Israel is not the beast. In fact the first beast tries to destroy both Israel and Christians. This is the intent and purpose of the dragon and the beasts of revelation.

      It is also God’s plan to redeem the gentiles. I don’t consider that because the leaders of the gentiles and the Jews work against God that it precludes God saving the people.

      Lord bless,



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